UK Data Service data catalogue record for:
|Title:||Neighbourhood Boundaries, Social Disorganisation and Social Exclusion, 2001-2002|
|Depositor:||Atkinson, R., University of Glasgow. Department of Urban Studies|
Atkinson, R., University of Glasgow. Department of Urban Studies
Economic and Social Research Council
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Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.The central aim of the research was to investigate the underlying premises of UK neighbourhood crime policies through a comparative study of the responses to crime and disorder within both affluent and deprived neighbourhoods, the extent and nature of informal means of social control utilised by their residents and how collective efficacy is related to social capital and social cohesion. A further aim of the research was to examine the nature of social interaction relating to crime and disorder between the neighbourhoods in order to identify the extent to which such defensive or exclusive strategies may contribute to the social and spatial exclusion of deprived neighbourhoods.
The key research objectives were:
Two Scottish cities, Edinburgh and Glasgow, were included in the project. One affluent area and one deprived area were chosen from each city, and the research objectives were addressed utilising a mixed methodology combining quantitative and qualitative data:
Topics covered in the individual and focus group interviews include crime, fear of crime, perceptions of neighbourhood and attitudes towards residents of neighbouring areas and others from 'outside' the immediate community, social deprivation, social and community cohesion, establishment of Neighbourhood Watch groups and other crime prevention and community organisations, and attitudes towards community policing.
Topics covered in the quantitative data file include respondent's trust of neighbours and others, perceived 'community spirit' in the area, local crime and social disorder problems, perceptions of whether crime is committed by people living inside or outside the area, experience of victimisation, attitudes to 'strangers' in the area, attitudes to crime prevention organisations, the police and other groups, and demographic information such as age, gender, occupation, household type and tenure.
|Time period:||2001 - 2002|
No spatial unit
|Kind of data:||
Individual (micro) level
Residents of one affluent neighbourhood and one deprived neighbourhood in each of two Scottish cities (Edinburgh and Glasgow), during 2001-2002
Cross-sectional (one-time) study
The four neighbourhoods were chosen on the basis of social profile. The quantitative postal survey survey was based on a sample of households randomly generated from the Postcode Address File (PAF) by CACI for each of the four defined neighbourhoods. Qualitative interviews were carried out with five key actors in each neighbourhood. One focus group interview was conducted in each of the four neighbourhoods, and two additional ones with residents drawn unwittingly from across each pair of neighbourhoods.
|Number of units:||15 individual interviews, six focus group interviews, one set of interview notes and one quantitative data file containing survey information gathered from 1,207 respondents.|
|Method of data collection:||
Face-to-face interview; Postal survey; Focus group
|ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIOUR||COMMUNITIES||COMMUNITY ACTION|
|COMMUNITY BEHAVIOUR||COMMUNITY IDENTIFICATION||COMMUNITY LIFE|
|COMMUNITY SAFETY||CRIME PREVENTION||CRIME VICTIMS|
|DISADVANTAGED GROUPS||EDINBURGH||FEAR OF CRIME|
|POLICE SERVICES||POLICE-COMMUNITY RELATIONSHIP||POLICING|
|RELATIVE DEPRIVATION||SOCIAL DISADVANTAGE||SOCIAL EXCLUSION|
|Date of release:|
|First edition:||05 April 2004|
|Copyright:||No information recorded|
|Access conditions:||The depositor has specified that registration is required and standard conditions of use apply. The depositor may be informed about usage. See terms and conditions of access for further information.|
|Availability:||UK Data Service|
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|Title||File Name||Size (KB)|
|Study information and citation||UKDA_Study_4841_Information.htm||6|
By principal investigator(s):
Atkinson, R. and Flint, J. (2002) 'The defended neighbourhood : a comparative study of informal social control', paper presented at the European Network for Housing Research Conference, Vienna, Austria, 1-5 July 2002.
Resulting from secondary analysis: