UK Data Service data catalogue record for:

Biological and regenerative therapies in professional football and cycling in the UK

Title details

SN: 852923
Title: Biological and regenerative therapies in professional football and cycling in the UK
Persistent identifier: 10.5255/UKDA-SN-852923
Depositor: Alex Faulkner, University of Sussex
Principal investigator(s): Faulkner, A, University of Sussex
Sponsor(s): Economic and Social Research Council
Grant number: ES/K010956/1


The citation for this study is:

Faulkner, A. (2018). Biological and regenerative therapies in professional football and cycling in the UK. [data collection]. UK Data Service. SN: 852923,

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Subject Categories

Science and technology
Society and culture


Abstract copyright data collection owner.

The data collection consists of: a list of technologies resulting from an online survey of 'bio' products available on the market and the companies marketing them (see Related resources); a collection of bibliographic references and abstracts of published scientific articles on biological therapy topics including Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP), stem cells, and others in trial or sporting contexts; notes made by researchers at sports medicine conferences; transcripts of relevant selected presentations at sports medicine conferences and related fieldwork notes; and interviews with medical members of national and elite UK football clubs and cycling organisations and sports authorities and companies providing products and services to them.

Biotechnological medicine and elite sport are two of the most powerful symbolic institutions of the contemporary era. Yet there is no systematic investigation of the intersections of these fields and their significance for society. The project examines the development and application of innovative biomedical technologies relevant to musculoskeletal injury, enabling analysis of two types of questions. Against a mapping of emerging interactions between sports and biomedicine, the research asks, first: What are the effects of sports patronage and collaboration on biomedical innovation, and conversely, how does biomedical research and innovation impact on elite sports and its athletes? Second, the research sets out to clarify the ethical issues raised by these developments and how publics and stakeholders understand and evaluate them (including the 'human enhancement' debate). A multi-method research design sets the study in the context of sports in general, focusing on football (soccer) and cycling as case studies because of their different funding regimes and injury profiles. Data are collected via documents, interviews, and observation methods (eg at sports' medical conferences). We undertake ethical analysis and public engagement comprising deliberative interactive online debate and focus groups to clarify issues of concern, and to inform and elicit public opinion.

Coverage, universe, methodology

Dates of fieldwork: 30 September 2013 - 31 July 2017
Country: United Kingdom | India | Italy
Geography: England, Wales, Milan (Italy)
New Delhi (India), Copenhagen (Denmark)
Observation units: Events and processes
Kind of data: Textual
Method of data collection: Observation at sports medicine conferences in UK, Italy, India and Denmark; Published bio-scientific documents collection; Workshop with 20+ expert stakeholders. [Qualitative semi-structured interviews in the UK (orthobiologics companies, surgeons, physiotherapists, medical insurers, sports medicine practitioners affiliated to professional football (mainly English Premier League) and cycling organisations, sports authority medicine section staff) - not available due to unique identities].

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Administrative and access information

Date of release:
First edition: 05 July 2018
Latest edition: 05 July 2018 (minor amendments only)
Copyright: Alex Faulkner, University of Sussex
Access conditions: Interview transcripts are not included in this collection due to legal, ethical or commercial constraints. For access to those data, please contact the contact person for this data collection
Availability: UK Data Service
Contact: Alex Faulkner, University of Sussex


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